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Invited Speaker I


Dr. Soufiane Haddout

Ibn Tofail University, Morocco


Speech Title: Preparing for the future: The impact of sea-level rise on salinity gradient energy in estuaries

Abstract: In this presentation, the effect of sea level rise (SLR) on blue energy (SGE) in estuaries is investigated for the first time by means of 2D-numerical computation; and the model results are plotted by Ocean Data View (ODV). The Sebou estuary (Morocco) was selected as an example location due to the availability of field survey data and is an optimal site for energy production. To assess the impacts of SLR on salinity gradient energy, three scenarios of sea level rise were used in the model simulation by adding water depths of 0.3 (ΔH-30), 0.6 (ΔH-60), and 0.9 (ΔH-90), combined with freshwater conditions at upstream of the mouth. Firstly, the model was then combined to assess the impact of transport time scales (i.e., Flushing Time (TF) and Residence Time (RT)) due to possible sea-level rise on blue energy in the mouth of the estuary. The results showed that FT for high flow under the present sea-level (0 m) was lower compared to different SLR scenarios (i.e., 0.3 m, 0.6 m, and 0.9 m) and that the FT for low flow under the present sea-level (0 m) was higher compared to different SLR scenarios. The RT for the present sea-level (0 m) and different SLR scenarios was between 14.75 and 33.14h and between 17.11 and 38.92h (0.3m); 21.54–41.23 h (0.6 m); and 27.17–46.27 h (0.9 m), respectively. The increase of salinity gradient energy with residence time and the corresponding decrease with flushing time as a result of the increase in sea level rise is clearly evident in the studied estuarine mouth. For RT the extractable salinity energy increased by 5–17% for SLR values of 0.3 m, 0.6 m, and 0.9 m, respectively. Inversely, the FT decreases the salinity gradient energy for SLR values by 3.4–11%. Secondly, the simulations results for extractable salinity gradient energy showed that the optimal intake points related to the design of a PRO or RED system in the mouth system moves significantly upstream of the estuary in all cases and the maximum zone of optimal intake point may reach >10 km in the worst scenario (ΔH=0.9).
Biography: Dr., S. Haddout is researcher in the Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ibn Tofail University, Morocco. To date, he is the Author/Editor of 3 books, 2 submitted books, published more than 60 refereed journal articles with 40 refereed articles as the first; is involved in collaborative research with 22 universities/institutions worldwide; expert reviewer with AEIC-Academic Exchange Information Centre (China); and reviewer for many project proposals from international universities; received more than 100 certificates from international conference and renowned journals; Keynote/invited speaker for many international conferences. Award-2020, 2021 and 2022; A member of several international conferences: Best Research Awards (i.e., Thermodynamic in estuaries; and Water shortages and pandemics in Africa, and Bi-variate and CM plotting of the Sediment Dynamic Process in the estuaries)-International Research Awards, Iceat conference…etc. Co-Chair of the scientific session of the International Conference of Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation USA; Lead-Chair of the 1st and 2nd International Conference on Climate Change and Ocean Renewable Energy (CCORE 2022-2023); Coordinator of the 1st International Round Table Webinar on A Multi-criteria decision making tool for the management of water bodies in developing countries towards climate change resilience. Chair of the scientific session of the 16th International Conference on Computer and Electrical Engineering (ICCEE 2023) and is a Guest Editor of Regional Studies in Marine Science, Journal of Environmental Management, Elsevier and active reviewer of reputed journals of Elsevier, Taylor & Francis, Springer, Wiley, MDPI, Nature…etc.